Venezuela’s opposition leader and self-declared President, Juan Guaido, last week named the Colombian border town of Cucuta as one of three collection points for the delivery of international aid.
His move ramped up tensions with Maduro’s government even as many in Venezuela remain in desperate need of food and medical supplies.
Colombian officials and a CNN photojournalist at the scene confirmed the presence of the blockade, which would effectively prevent humanitarian aid from reaching Venezuela via this route.
Images show an orange oil tanker and two large blue containers positioned midway across the three-lane Tienditas Bridge, which connects Cucuta with San Antonio city in Tachira State in western Venezuela.
Juan Caicedo, a spokesperson from Migration Colombia, Colombia’s Ministry of Immigration and Immigration Control, said the Venezuelan military put the blockade into place Tuesday afternoon, adding that there are cameras monitoring activity on the bridge.
It’s possible the Venezuelan government fears aid crossing the border could be used as cover for an invasion to depose Maduro.
Guaido called again Wednesday on the conscience of Venezuela’s military — which has so far been loyal to the government — to permit aid into the country from Colombia, which is run by a right-wing government critical of Maduro.
“Brother, let the aid in. Do not stop it,” he said, appealing to members of the country’s armed forces while speaking at a meeting with farmers in Caracas. “The end of the usurpation will be the end of hunger,” he added, as he called for Venezuelans to reject the Maduro government.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo also urged Venezuela to open the bridge, tweeting that “the Maduro regime must let the aid reach the starving people.”
Appeal for loyalty
Maduro has faced intense pressure since Guaido declared himself acting president on January 23, invoking a constitutional rule to open a rare challenge to Maduro’s presidency.
Venezuela’s Foreign Ministry has denounced any international support for Guaido, suggesting that European governments were acting as part of a US-led effort to topple Maduro, who has showed no signs of relinquishing power.
Maduro on Wednesday hit back at a tweet by US national security adviser John Bolton that said “any Venezuelan senior military officer that stands for democracy and recognizes the constitutional government of President Juan Guaido” would not face US sanctions.
Speaking during military exercises, Maduro called for the Venezuelan military to remain loyal and ordered the armed forces to defend Venezulean territory.
“Is John Bolton Venezuela’s military chief? Listen well John Bolton, here is the response of the armed forces to your so-called coup-makers. Let’s say our slogan loudly, “Loyal Always, Traitors Never” so it can be heard in Washington,” he said.
Maduro also welcomed a meeting of the International Contact Group on Venezuela that will take place Thursday in the Uruguayan capital, Montevideo, saying: “We are ready and prepared to participate in a process of sovereign, constitutional dialogue.”
The contact group includes Bolivia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and co-host Uruguay.
International aid pledges
Guaido identified the three collection points for international humanitarian aid as the Brazil-Venezuela border, an as-of-yet unidentified Caribbean island, and Cucuta. However, it remains unclear if aid will be allowed in by any of these routes.
On Monday, Canada hosted a meeting of the Lima Group regional bloc to discuss how the international community can further help the people of Venezuela, including through immediate humanitarian assistance.
Opening a session in Ottawa, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced a contribution of 53 million Canadian dollars ($40.4 million) in aid to Venezuela.
German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas also said Germany had earmarked €5 million ($5.72 million) worth of assistance for Venezuela. Later on Monday, Guaido said Germany had pledged €6 million ($6.86 million.)
USAID has begun packaging pallets of foodstuffs after Bolton’s announcement last week that it would send humanitarian aid.
Guaido called the situation “an emergency … a crisis,” on Monday and said humanitarian aid would begin to flow into Venezuela in the coming days, defying Maduro’s repeated refusal of assistance in the face of food and medicine shortages.
He outlined the move as part of a plan to push the military into cooperating with the opposition.
CNN’s Isa Soares and Natalie Gallon reported from Cucuta and Laura Smith-Spark wrote from London. CNN’s Kara Fox and Hande Atay Alam contributed to this report.
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